The blood sugar levels measure the concentration of glucose (sugar) present in the blood. These levels are automatically regulated by the body as a part of a metabolic process called homeostasis: when the glucose levels rise, the beta cells located in your pancreas release insulin to the bloodstream to allow glucose to penetrate the muscles, fat, and liver cells, transforming it into energy. Glucose is the brain’s primary source of energy. Before getting into detail about the dangers of having high blood sugar levels, let’s break down the blood sugar level numbers for you.
Normal: less than 100 mg/dL after not eating for a solid eight hours; less than 140 mg/dL two hours after eating. During the day, healthy people tend to have 60 – 90 mg/dL right before meals (although 70 – 80 mg/dL is considered the ideal value)
Low blood sugar: less than 60 mg/dL
High blood sugar: above 180 mg/dL
Having consistently high blood sugar levels means that you suffer from a condition called hyperglycemia (by contrast, hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels are very low, and also presents its health hazards), which is commonly caused by diabetes. This disease affects your organism’s ability to produce or use insulin effectively.
In the long term, this condition can lead to some serious health issues. Early high blood sugar symptoms include thirst, headaches, frequent urination, fatigue, weight loss, blurred vision, and difficulties in concentrating. But there could be no signs at all, thus the importance of getting your blood sugar tested, especially if you are at risk for diabetes – overweight, sedentary, family history, poor diet.
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