There are two common types of diabetes, conveniently called diabetes type 1 and type 2, and both affect your body in different ways. Type 1 diabetes is an immune system disorder where the pancreas stops producing insulin, failing to regulate blood sugar levels. It is usually detected during childhood, and it has no cure – treatment is all about managing levels through insulin intake and a healthy lifestyle (diet and exercise).
On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is a direct result of genetics, poor dietary habits, and a sedentary lifestyle without any exercise. The body of those who suffer from this condition becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, or their pancreas doesn’t produce the amount of insulin necessary to keep glucose levels in check.
Over the past few years, this disease became very common amongst young children due to the alarming rise of childhood obesity registered (type 2 diabetes used to occur almost exclusively in adults). It can be managed through lifestyle changes and weight loss, although in some cases, there might be a need to resort to insulin therapy or medication.